Clans/Kootams

Unlike other Vellalar of whose totemic clan and tribal origins have been eclipsed and totally erased by Sanskritisation, Kongu Vellalar still maintain their tribal and clan divisions. Their marriage customs are unique amongst other communities in Tamil Nadu. They have about major 64 subsects out of (koottam) 145, and do not marry within their koottam. The Tamil word Kootam is used to denote a clan

1. Adhitreya Kumban
2. Aadai
3. Aadhi
4. Adhirai
5. Aavan
6. Andai
7. Akini
8. Aavan
9. Anangan
10. Andhuvan
11. Ariyan
12. Alagan
13. Bharatan
14. Bramman
15. Devendran
16. Dananjayan
17. Danavantan
18. Eenjan
19. Ennai
20. Indran
21. Kaadan
22. Kadai
23. Kaari
24. Kaavalar
25. Kadunthuvi
26. Kalinji
27. Kambakulathaan
28. Kanakkan
29. Kanavaalan
30. Kannan
31. Kannandhai
32. Karunkannan
33. Kauri
34. Kavalan
35. Kiliyan
36. Keeran
37. Kodarangi
38. Koorai
39. Kuruppan
40. Kotrandhai
41. Kottaarar
42. Kovar
43. Koventhar
44. Kumarandhai
45. Kundali
46. Kungili
47. Kuniyan
48. Kunnukkan
49. Kuyilan
50. Kuzhlaayan
51. Maadai
52. Maadhaman
53. Maathuli
54. Maavalar
55. Maniyan
56. Mayilan
57. Mazhluazhlagar
58. Medhi
59. Meenavan
60. Moimban
61. Moolan
62. Mooriyan
63. Mukkannan
64. Munaiveeran
65. Muthan
66. Muzhlukkadhan
67. Naarai
68. Nandhan
69. Neelan
70. Neerunni
71. Neidhali
72. Neriyan
73. Odhaalar
74. Ozhukkar
75. Paaliyan
76. Paamban
77. Paanan
78. Paandian
79. Paadhari
80. Padhuman
81. Padukkunni
82. Paidhali
83. Panaiyan
84. Panangadan
85. Elumathur Kadais
86. Maruthurai Kadais
87. Panjaman
88. Pannai
89. Pannan
90. Paamaran
91. Pavalan
92. Payiran
93. Periyan
94. Varagunna Perungudi
95. Pillan
96. Podiyan
97. Ponnan
98. Poochadhai
99. Poodhiyan
100. Poosan
101. Porulthantha or mulukadhan
102. Punnai
103. Puthan
104. Saakadai or Kaadai
105. Sathandhai
106. Sathuvaraayan
107. Sanagan
108. Sedan
109. Sellan
110. Semponn
111. Sempoothan
112. Semvan
113. Sengannan
114. Sengunni
115. Seralan
116. Seran
117. Sevadi
118. Sevvayan
119. Silamban
120. Soman
121. Soolan
122. Sooriyan
123. Sothi
124. Sowriyan
125. Surapi
126. Thanakkavan
127. Thavalayan
128. Thazhinji
129. Themaan
130. Thodai(n)
131. Thooran
132. Thorakkan
133. Thunduman
134. Uvanan
135. Uzhavan
136. Vaanan or Vaani
137. Vannakkan
138. Veliyan
139. Vellamban
140. Vendhai
141. Viliyan
142. villi
143. Vilosanan
144. Viradhan
145. Viraivulan

People belonging to the same kootam usually will not inter-marry. Each kootam has its own Kulaguru and Kuladeivam or deity(Mother Godess). In temples, it is a common practice to pray their 'idols' which is specific to a koottam. Some kootams betray a totemic origin, where as others appear to be names of lineage founders or place name of the clan's original inhabitance yet others show other ethnic origins such as Kannadiga and Toda. From the clan name it appears at some point in history many different people came together to coalesce in to this social group.

Apparently some of these clan titles are common with Vettuva Goundan or a local hunter gatherer group found in the same area, hinting at a common origin at some point between the settled and hunting populations of the area.